Healthy gums fit snugly around the crowns of the teeth. Recession occurs when the gums pull away or recede, exposing the roots below. Once the gum tissue has receded from the teeth, it cannot grow back.
Left untreated, open areas or gaps form between the tooth and gums which can allow bacteria to build up. Unlike the crown of the tooth, the roots do not have a protective enamel coating making them more sensitive to decay. However, there are ways in which we can surgically manipulate the gums to help cover exposed root surfaces.
How Does Gum Recession Occur?
There are a number of factors which can cause the gums to recede – periodontal disease, genetics, poor dental hygiene, hormone levels, tobacco use, and even improper brushing.
Improper Brushing & Recession
Brushing your teeth correctly is essential for maintaining good oral hygiene. However, using an incorrect brushing technique can actually cause harm to your gums. Applying too much pressure, using a hard or medium bristled toothbrush or even brushing the teeth in a broad, horizontal motion can damage the part of your gums that touches your teeth, possibly triggering bleeding and even recession. Over time, poor brushing habits can further lead to gingivitis and again, periodontal disease.
Gum Recession Treatment
The treatment for receding gums is largely predicated on the underlying cause. Your Detail Dental team is here to help evaluate your unique circumstances and help formulate a plan for treatment that is right for you.